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Tag: medical notes

Triangles Mnemonics in Medicine

Medical Study Notes
Differnt triangles and boundaries in medicine with mnemonics Anterior triangle - Submental triangle mnemonic: "CHIN" C: Chin is the apex H: Hyoid bone is the base IN: In between digastrics (Sides) Digastric triangle mnemonic: "MANDible" M: Mastoid and mandible is base. A: Anterior N: N (And) posterior belly of D: Digastric Carotid triangle mnemonic: "SO PDFS" SO: Superior belly of Omohyoid PD: Posterior belly of Digastric FS: Front of Sternocleidomastoid Muscular triangle mnemonic: "MuSCular" M: Median line of the neck S: Superior belly of omohyoid SC: Sternocleidomastoid Posterior triangle - Occipital triangle mnemonic: "OCcipital Triangle" O: Omohyoid C: sternoCleidomastoid T: Trapezius Supraclavicular triangle mnemonic: "SupraClavicular-o!" S: Sternocleidomastoid C: Clavicle O: Omohyoid

Anatomical structures passing through Retinaculum in hand

Medical Study Notes
Structures passing beneath the flexor retinaculum From medial to lateral: Flexor digitorum superficialis Flexor digitorum profundus Medial N Flexor pollicis longus Flexor carpi radialis 4 muscles and 1 nerve,ulnar bursa and radila bursa also lie deep to Flexor retinaculum Structures passing above flexor retinaculum From medial to lateral: Flexor carpi ulnaris tendon Ulnar N Ulnar artery Palmar cutaneous br of Ulnar N Palmaris Longus tendon Palmar cutaneous br of Median N 2 tendons and 3 nerves and an artery. Extensor retinaculum Structures passing through from Medial to lateral: Extensor carpi ulnaris Extensor digiti minimi Extensor digitorum and extensor indicis Extensor pollicis longus Extensor carpi radialis longus and ext carpi radialis brevis Abd...

Embrology Genital Structures |medical notes

Medical Study Notes
Genital structures in males Genital tubercle -Glans penis Urogenital sinus  -Corpus spongiosum,Bulbourethral glands(Cowpers),Prostrate Urogenital folds -Ventral shaft of penis Labioscrotal swelling -Scrotum Gubernaculum -Gubernaculum testis Mesonephric/Wolffian duct -Epididymis,Ejaculatory duct,Ductus deferens Paramesonephric/Mullerian duct -Appendix of testis,prostatic utricle Genital structures in females Genital tubercle – Glans clitoris Urogenital sinus -Greater vestibular glands of bartholin,Urethral and paraurethral glands of skene Urogenital folds -Labia minora Labioscrotal swelling -Labia majora Gubernaculum – Ovarian ligament and round ligament Wolffian duct – Duct of epoophoron Mullerian duct -Uterus,Fallopian tube,upper part of vagina  ...

Investigation of Choice |medical notes

Medical Study Notes
INVESTIGATION OF CHOICE for differnt conditions in brief • Single Bone Metastasis – CT • Multiple Bone Metastasis – Bone scan • Spine Metasta sis – MRI • Avascular necrosis- MRI • Bone Density/Osteoporosis- DEXA (Dual energy x ray absorptiometry) • Aneurysm/ AV Fistula- Angiography • Dissecting Aneurysm (Stable) - MRI (Unstable)-Trans oesophageal USG • Pericardial Effusion- Echocardiography • Lobulated pericardial effusion- MRI > CT • Minimum Pericardial Effusion- Echocardiography • Ventricular Function- Echocardiography • Radiotherapy/Chemotherapy induced cardiotoxicity- Endomyocardial Biopsy • Pulmonary Embolism- CECT> Pulmonary Angiography > V/Q Scan • Interstitial lung disease(Sarcoidosis)- HRCT • Bronchiectasis- HRCT scan • Solitary Pulmonary Nodule- High resolution CT (HRCT)...