Most Common Useful Mnemonics for the Medical Students are listed below. These mnemonics will help not only the medical students, but it will also help the medical personnel working in hospitals too. They are mostly from medicine, surgery, orthopedics, ENT, Opthalmology, Health Insurance, and so on.
Most Common Useful Mnemonics for the Medical Students
Organizing principle for differential diagnoses based on etiology: VITAMINS ABCDEK
Vascular – diseases caused by “vessel” (bleed or blocked) or anything related to hematology.
Infectious / Inflammatory
Traumatic / Toxic
Autoimmune or allergy
Iatrogenic / Idiopathic
Social – diseases caused by “social” reasons
Alcohol – alcohol-related disorders.
Behavioral – behavioral or psychosomatic disorders
Congenital (the entire VITAMINSABCDEK could be applied as appropriate to tease out categories of congenital diseases)
Degenerative / Drug related
Endocrine or exocrine problems.
Karyotype or genetic disorders.
Note that this is a rendition of VINDICATED MEN mnemonic.
ABCDE of Cirrhosis. The Child-Pugh score estimates cirrhosis severity. It is a prognosis tool.
Coags – PT or INR
Deluge (Ascites) – Drain the Ascites
ACE Inhibitor (side effects)
Cough/C1 esterase deficiency Contraindication
Proteinuria/Potassium excess (hyperkalemia)
Pregnancy contraindication (fetal renal damage)
Renal artery stenosis contraindication
Class III Antiarrhythmic
Causes of weight loss in older adults – MEALS ON WHEELS
Medications (eg, digoxin, theophylline, SSRIs, antibiotics)
Emotional (eg, depression, anxiety)
Alcoholism, older adult abuse
Late life paranoia or bereavement
Oral factors (tooth loss, xerostomia)
Nosocomial infections (eg, tuberculosis, pneumonia)
Wandering and other dementia-related factors
Hyperthyroidism, hypercalcemia, hypoadrenalism
Enteral problems (eg, esophageal stricture, gluten enteropathy)
Low salt, low cholesterol, and other therapeutic diets
Social isolation, stones (chronic cholecystitis)
Please Make Tummy Better
Proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole)
Lithium Side effects
Inspidus (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
Tremor/Teratogenic (ebstein’s anomaly)
TRAUMA Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Avoids the situation
Unable to function / lack of interest in usual activities
Month or more of symptoms
Arousal is increased / Sympathetic arousal is increased.
Drugs (Corticosteroids, HIV drugs, Diuretics, Valproic acid..)
Central obesity, Collagen fiber weakness, Comedones (acne)