Important anatomical levels for medical exam

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TOP ANATOMICAL LEVELS TO RELATED STRUCTURESanatomy medical exam

Listof all the Important anatomical levels for medical exam

  1. C1-C2 VERTEBRA: vocal cords
  2. C2-oropharynx and soft palate with mouth open
  3. C3-hyoid bone
  4. level of larynx in infants-C2-C3
  5. level of larynx in adults-C3-C6
  6. C3-C4:bifurcation of common carotid artery
  7. C4 &C5-thyroid cartilage
  8. C6-cricoid cartilage
  9. C6-begining of trachea
  10. C6-begining of oesophagus
  11. C7-vertebra prominence
  12. thyroid lobe superior extent-oblique line of thyroid cartilage
  13. isthmus of thyroid gland-2nd through 4th tracheal rings
  14. thyroid lobe inferior extent-sixth tracheal ring
  15. spine at root of scapula-opposite third thorasic spine
  16. thoracic inlet-T1
  17. superior angle of scapula-overlies part of 2nd rib-1st intercoastal space superior to angle/T2
  18. jugular notch-T2&T3 vertebral junction
  19. carnia-T3-4 or T4
  20. manubrium Sterni-T3&T4
  21. sternal angle-T4&T5
  22. body of sternum-T5to T9 vertebra
  23. greater splanchnic nerve-T5-T9 sym ganglia
  24. apex of heart/mitral value-5th intercoastal space
  25. base of heart/supine position-T5 to T8 vertebra
  26. base of heart/erect position-T6 to T9
  27. oblique fissure of lung-T6
  28. inferior angle of scapula-T7
  29. vena caval foramen-T8
  30. xiphoid process-T9
  31. xiphisternal joint-T9 vertebra typicaly
  32. esophageal hiatus-T10
  33. termination of oesophagus-T11
  34. lesser splanchnic nerve-T10-T11 sym ganglia
  35. least splanchnic nerve- T12 sym ganglian
  36. aortic hiatus-T12
  37. coeliac trunk branch of abdominal aorta-T12
  38. median arcuate logament of respiratory diaphragm- T12 &L1 junction
  39. pulmonary valve-left 2nd intercoastal space medial
  40. aortic valve-right 2nd intercoastal space
  41. tricuspid valve-right lower sternum
  42. nipple in male-4th intercoastal space in midclavicular line
  43. transpyloric plane-L1
  44. celiac trunk-L1 superior border
  45. superior mesentric artery-L1 inferior border
  46. pylorus of stomach-L1
  47. 1st part of duodenum-L1
  48. left renal vein-L2
  49. 2nd part of duodenum-L1,L2,L3right side
  50. 3rd part of duodenum-L3
  51. left crus of diagphram-L2
  52. right crus of diagphram-L3 vertebra
  53. inferior mesentric artery-L3
  54. subcoastal plane-L3
  55. spinal cord termination L1 in adults, L3 in New borns
  56. spleen-obliquely along axis of 10th rib
  57. right kidney
  • Superior pole-T12
  • Inferior pole-L3
  • Hilum-L1
  1. left kidney
    • Superior pole-T12
    • inferior pole-L3
    • Hilum-L1
  2. pancrease head-L2&L3
  3. umbilicus(in supine/recumbent position)-disc between L3-L4
  4. bifurcation of abdominal aorta-L4
  5. supracristal plane/higheat point on illiac crest-L4
  6. transtubercular plane-L5
  7. origin of inferior vena cava-L5by by
  8. anterior superior illiac spine-S1/sacral promontary
  9. posterior auperior illiac spine-S2
  10. pubic symphysis-tip of coccyx

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