Pathology Mnemonics for study tips part two ... Immune mediated noncaseating granulomas/ increase Diabetes insipidus/ increase/ Dyspnea Osteopathy Skin ...
Pathology Mnemonics for study tips part two ...
Immune mediated noncaseating granulomas/ [Ig] increase
Diabetes insipidus/ [D vit.] increase/ Dyspnea
Skin (Subcutaneous nodules, erythema nodosum)
Interstitial lung fibrosis/ IL-1
Seventh CN palsy
Blood disorders: commoner sexHE (male) gets:
HEinz bodies (G6PD deficiency, causing HEmolytic anemia: X-linked)
HEmochromatosis (male predominance)
HEart attacks (male predominance)
HEnoch-Schonlein purpura (male predominance)
SHE (female) gets:
Thyroid storm characteristics "Storm HITS girls cAMP":
Thyroid storm due to:
Infection or Illness at childbirth
· girls: Thyroid storm more common in females.
· cAMP: Tx involves high dose of beta blockers (beta receptors work via
· Alternatively: "S#IT storm": Surgery, Hyperthyroidism,
Infection/ Illness, Trauma.
Hypothyroidism/thyroiditis: maifestations and morphology "A
SCHISM among the Axis during WWII":
Cretinism/ Cold intolerance/ Constipation
· The Axis: Schimidt syndrome (when other endocrinology disorders accompany
Hashimoto's disease) and "Hitler cells" (Hurthle cells, which are follicular
epithelial cells with basophilic inculsions)
Pheochromocytoma: 3 most common symptoms "PHEochromocytoma":
Edisodic sweating (diaphoresis)
Necrosis: the 4 types "Life Can Get
· 'Life' used since necrosis is 'death'.
Thyroid carcinoma: features, prognosis of most popular Most
Popular is Papillary.
· Clinical features:
Palpable lymph nodes
"Pupil" nuclei (Orphan Annie)
Psammoma bodies within lesion (often)
· Also, has a Positive Prognosis (10 year survival rate: 98%).
Inflammatory Bowel Disease: which has cobblestonesCrohn's
has Cobblestones on endoscopy.
Gout: factors that can precipitate an attack of acute gouty arthritisDARK:
· And, the attack occurs most often at night [thus "dark"].
Paget's disease of bone: signs and symptoms Four L's:
Larger hat size
Loss of hearing: due to compression of nerve
Leontiasis ossea (lion-like face)
Light-headed (Paget's steal)
Adrenal disorders: Cushing's vs Addison'sCushing: is
In Addison's: patient's cortisol doesn't Add up.
Aneurysm typesMAD SCAB:
Nephrotic syndrome: hallmark findings "Protein LEAC":
· In nephrotic, the proteins leakout.
Ovarian cancers: important types, by WHO classification ·
"My Sister Began Experiencing Cancer":
· Germ cell:
"Doctor Examined The Ovaries":
· Sex cord:
"She Felt Grim":
Kwashiorkor: distinguishing from MarasmusFLAME:
Hemolytic anemia typesSHEEP T!T:
Enzyme deficiencies: [G6P, pyruvate kinase]
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Trauma to RBCs
Immunohemolytics: [warm Ab, cold Ag]
Thalassemias: [alpha, beta]
Oral cancer risksPATH LAB:
Human papilloma virus
Bad oral hygiene
Ammonium magnesium phosphate
Wernicke-Korsakoff triad Syndrome in alchoholics, who love
to "drink CANs of beer":
Wernicke-Korsakoff's psychosis: findingsCOAT RACK:
· Wernicke's encephalopathy (acute phase):
· Korsakoff's psychosis (chronic phase):
Atherosclerosis risk factors "You're a SAD BET with
these risk factors":
Age: middle-aged, elderly
BP high: hypertension
Duchenne vs. Becker Muscular DystrophyDuchenne Muscular
Dystrophy (DMD) : Doesn't Make Dystrophin.
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD): Badly Made
Dystrophin (a truncated protein).
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) subtype classification
Each subtype has 2 or 3 causes, plus something 1 or 2 more items.
MEN I is disease of 3 P's: [Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas]
plus one more: adrenal cortex.
MEN II is disease of 2 C's: [Carcinoma of thyroid, Catacholamines
(pheochromocytoma)] plus two more: parathyroid for MEN IIa or mucocutaneous
neuromas for MEN IIB (also called MEN III).
Takayasu's disease is Pulseless disease "Can't Tak'a yapulse" (Can't take your pulse):
Takayasu's disease known as Pulseless disease, since pulse is weakened in the
Hypercalcemia: symptoms of elevated serum levels "Bones,
Stones, Groans, Moans":
Bones: pain in bones
Psychic moans/ Psychological overtones: confused state
Colon carcinoma: aeitiologyCRAPS:
Chronic ulcerative colitis
Ratio of animal fat:fibre diet
Strong family history of colon cancer.
Kawasaki Disease Criteria "Be careful when riding a
Kawasaki motorcycle, you might get CREAMed.
Rash (polymorphous non-vesicular)
Edema (or erythema of hands or feet)
Adenopathy (cervical, often unilateral)
Mucosal involvement (erythema or fissures or crusting)
To have Kawasaki disease you must have fever for greater than 5 days plus 4 of
Neurofibromatoses: chromosome mutation locations in von Reckinghausen
(type I) vs. type II "von Recklinghausen" has 17 letters
and is due to a mutation on chromosome 17.
"Neurofibromatosis type 2" has 22 and is due to a mutation on
Fat embolism: findings "Fat, Bat, Fract":
Fat in urine, sputum
Bat-wing lung x-ray
· Also, fracture of FEMur causes Fat EMboli.
Histiocytosis X: hallmark finding "Birbeck's rackets
Tennis rackets under electron microscope is Histiocystosis X.
Consider 2 tennis rackets in an X formation.