Serotonin vs dopamine

Dopamine and also serotonin are both neurotransmitters.

Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers that are utilized by the nervous system which help in regulating several functions and processes that take place in the body. The functions include sleep, metabolism among many others.

Here in this article, we will discuss serotonin and dopamine, serotonin and anxiety, serotonin vs dopamine deficiency symptoms, dopamine supplements, serotonin supplements.

Dopamine has a prime role in motivation and reward. like if a person works hard for reaching a particular goal, then the satisfaction that follows this reward achieving goal is partly due to a dopamine rush.

Lack of serotonin and dopamine can lead to issues such as depression and anxiety. Some of the common symptoms of depression include lack of motivation, feeling helpless, loss of interest in the activity that once brought joy among many more. These kinds of condition can be overcome with the help of proper diet, good sleep, exercise, medicines, and professional help and not to mention serotonin supplement and dopamine supplements

Now let us look at serotonin vs dopamine deficiency symptoms

Some of the serotonin vs dopamine deficiency symptoms

  1. Muscle cramps, spasms, or tremors
  2. Aches and pains
  3. Stiffness in the muscles
  4. Loss of balance
  5. Constipation
  6. Difficulty eating and swallowing
  7. Weight loss or weight gain
  8. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  9. Frequent pneumonia
  10. Trouble sleeping or disturbed sleep
  11. Low energy
  12. An inability to focus
  13. Moving or speaking more slowly than usual
  14. Feeling fatigued
  15. Lack of motivation
  16. Feeling inexplicably sad or tearful
  17. Mood swings
  18. Feeling hopeless
  19. Having low self-esteem
  20. Feeling guilt-ridden
  21. Feeling anxious
  22. Suicidal thoughts or thoughts of self-harm
  23. Low sex drive
  24. Seeing or hearing things that are not there is Hallucinations
  25. Delusions mean fixed false belief that a person holds deeply within
  26. Lack of insight or self-awareness

Incorporating exercise in the daily lifestyle can increase serotonin and dopamine in the body. for more on exercise please visit this link.

The common conditions which have been associated with deficiency of dopamine include the following

  1. Depression
  2. Schizophrenia
  3. Psychosis, including hallucinations or delusions
  4. Parkinson’s disease

Dopamine structure

A dopamine molecule consists of a catechol structure (a benzene ring with two hydroxyl side groups) with one amine group attached via an ethyl chain. As such, dopamine is the simplest possible catecholamine, a family that also includes the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and epinephrine.

Serotonin vs dopamine
dopamine structure

Hence the above diagram illustrates the Dopamine structure.

Serotonin chemical structure

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter. Its biological function is complex and multifaceted, modulating mood, cognition, reward, learning, memory, and numerous physiological processes such as vomiting and vasoconstriction

Hence we talked about the serotonin chemical structure above

Dopamine supplement

  1. Probiotics

Microorganisms Which line the digestive tract are called Probiotics.   They help with the proper functioning of the body. It is Also known as the good gut bacteria; probiotics not only benefit gut health but may also prevent or treat various health problems, including mood disorders

  1. Mucuna Pruriens

Mucuna pruriens is a type of tropical bean native to parts of Africa, India, and Southern China

  1. Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba is a native plant to China which is being used for hundreds of years as a solution for a vast range of health conditions.

  1. Curcumin

Curcumin is the active ingredient found in turmeric. Curcumin comes in capsule, tea, extract, and powdered forms

  1. Magnesium

Magnesium helps to keep the body and also the mind in good healthy condition.

  1. Green Tea

Green tea has long been touted for its antioxidant properties and nutrient content.

It also contains the amino acid L-theanine, which directly affects your brain (32Trusted Source).

L-theanine can increase certain neurotransmitters in your brain, including dopamine

  1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D has many roles in your body which includes the regulation of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

  1. Fish Oil

Fish oil supplements primarily contain two types of omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

  1. Ginseng

Ginseng is traditional Chinese medicine which has been used to heal the mind and body since ancient time.

Its root can be eaten raw or steamed, but it’s also available in other forms, such as tea, capsules, or pills.

  1. Berberine

Berberine is an active component present in and extracted from certain plants and herbs.

Serotonin supplement

Now we will take a close look at the various serotonin supplement that it is available to us.

  1. Eggs

Egg Yolks are rich in tryptophan, along with:

  1. tyrosine
  2. choline
  • biotin
  1. omega-3 fatty acids
  2. Other nutrients that are major contributors to the health benefits and antioxidant properties of eggs
  3. Cheese

Common is a common household food and Cheese is another great source of tryptophan which help in serotonin regulation

  1. Pineapples

Pineapples have been shown for decades to contain serotonin and they are tasty too

  1. Tofu

Soy products are rich sources of tryptophan. Tofu helps in Serotonin regulation.

  1. Nuts and seeds

Almost all nuts and seeds contain tryptophan.

  1. Turkey

Turkey is vastly rich in tryptophan.

dopamine structure
dopamine structure


Hence we talked about serotonin and anxiety, serotonin supplement, dopamine structure, serotonin chemical structure, serotonin vs dopamine deficiency symptoms, dopamine supplement.

So Dopamine and serotonin are the main neurotransmitters associated with the feeling of happiness and well-being. They both play an integral part in the mood regulation of a person. A lack of which causes depression and anxiety among many other mental disorders. There has also been a link between serotonin and anxiety.

These conditions such as depression and anxiety can be managed with proper diet, exercise, sleep, medication, counseling, and serotonin supplement, and dopamine supplement.

Depression and anxiety are common in the world .nearly affecting people of all races, gender, and economic background. If left untreated this condition can be life-threatening. So early diagnosis and proper treatment are required. Serotonin and dopamine can also be found in natural foods as discussed above. These can help to somewhat lessen the symptoms and the person can live a happy daily life. Hence, dopamine and serotonin play an integral part in a person’s thoughts, behavior, and character.

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Serotonin vs dopamine